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DOMECQ, TWO CENTURIES OF HISTORY IN SPAIN

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The Domecq family comes from the former French region of the Bearn, near the Spanish borders with Navarre and Aragon, nowadays included in the department of the Low Pyrenees.

Imagen Escudo Domecq

 

PEDRO DOMECQ LEMBEYE 1787-1839

Imagen de Pedro Domecq Lembeye

Mr. Pedro Domecq Lembeye is the first Domecq that comes to Spain in 1816. In 1.822, he establishes the company "PEDRO DOMECQ". During his management, the company becomes the top Spanish business in the Sherry trade. In 1860 he would acquire the first stud farm of pure bred Spanish horses for the family, from the famous bloodstock of the “Cartujo” Spanish horses.

Pedro Domecq had five daughters, all married in France, who didn’t follow their father’s interest in the wine trade. So it would be his brother Juan Pedro Domecq Lembeye, who would be made a partner and would continue the business.

After a visit from King Fernando VII in 1823, Mr. Domecq would be appointed as supplier to the Royal House and later named “Gentilhombre de Cámara”, which allowed him to add the Royal Weapons to the family Coat of Arms. It was the first visit of a king to a winery, and to prepare for it a beautiful garden was created in front of the winery premises in Jerez.

 

JUAN PEDRO DOMECQ LEMBEYE 1796-1869

Foto Pedro Domecq Lembeye

It was Mr. Domecq Lembeye who would acquire the beautiful Domecq Palace in the the Alameda of the Marquis of Domecq in Jerez.

Juan Pedro remains single, so he adopts in 1866, Mr. Juan Pedro de Aladro (said to be his illegitimate son), who would die in 1914 without children.

 

PEDRO DOMECQ LOUSTAU, the inventor of the first Spanish Brandy 1824-1894

PEDRO DOMECQ LOUSTAU

Mr. Juan Pedro Domecq Lembeye died in 1869. Two years before he entered into a partnership with his nephew Pedro Domecq Loustau, who had previously been working with him in the business.

It was Mr. Pedro Domecq Loustau that greatly contributed to the fame of the Domecq wineries, creating what would become Spanish cognac or “brandy”: it all came about after the cancellation of an order of 500 barrels of wine eau de vie, of exceptional quality. The order had been prepared with the most sophisticated techniques and the best quality grapes and barrels, that after two years of work had become a top quality product. But the order was cancelled due to financial troubles of the client. Mr. Domecq decided to keep the wine in his cellars until he found another use for it. There it would remain for 5 long years. It is after such a long time that Mr. Domecq decides to taste the content of these barrels and discovers that it has become the most exquisite cognac, a golden liquid with an incredible aroma. This would become the Domecq brandy: "FUNDADOR", that goes into the market in 1874, becoming the first brandy to be produced and distributed in Spain.

Mr. Pedro Domecq Loustau would be the first to marry a Spanish lady Ms. Carmen Núñez de Villavicencio, with whom he had 10 children, of which six survived becoming the first Spanish Domecq to be born in Jerez.

Mr. Domecq Loustau died in 1894. King  Alfonso XIII, would appoint his widow Marquise of Domecq D'Usquain in 1920, as a recognition of the work of her husband.

His sons would succeed him in the business: Pedro, Marquis of Domecq would be the President until 1.921, aided by his brothers, Juan Pedro, José and Manuel. They had to deal with the terrible filoxera epidemy that killed most of Jerez vines in those years.

During this period, King Alfonso XII and his wife Queen Victoria Eugenia, visited the winery in 1904 and 1915.

 

JUAN PEDRO DOMECQ NUÑEZ DE VILLAVICENCIO 1881-1937

JUAN PEDRO DOMECQ NUÑEZ DE VILLAVICENCIO

The Domecq brothers continue the trade into the 20s.

It is in this period when the second great passion in the family starts to ripe: the breeding of animals, beginning with the famous Domecq horses. The grandsons of Mr. Pedro Domecq Lembeye, and specially so the Marquis of Domecq, were since their childhood great fans of raising horses of pure Spanish breed, “Cartujan” breed and arab-andalusian. They created a breed of singular character, and fantastic physical conditions.

The base of their success was the selection process and the work, always based on the love of the animal, in search of its best qualities. The Domecq wanted the best animal in itself, not the best selling beast.

Alongside the horses, Juan Pedro would acquire in 1930 the famous Veragua bullfighting bulls. He would begin his career as a breeder with a “novillada” in Cádiz on April 5th 1931 and would later take his bulls to the opening of the Madrid arena, the new “Las Ventas” on June 17th 1931. The bull “Hortelano” opened the feria, with the torero "Fortuna".

 

JUAN PEDRO DOMECQ Y DIEZ, the “encaste Domecq” bulls  1913-1975

Juan Pedro Domecq y Diez

Son of Mr. Juan Pedro Domecq Nuñez de Villavicencio, he would continue to work in the Domecq winery with his cousins, Mr. Pedro Domecq Rivero, Mr. Pedro Domecq González and Mr. Pedro Soto Domecq in the 30s. In this period the Domecq wines would start a new era outside the Spanish frontiers.

At the same time, Mr. Juan Pedro Domecq y Diéz would go on with his fathers bulls, that would continue to bear the Veragua mark: the crowned shield with the V inside.

Mr. Juan Pedro Domecq y Díez was a great innovator as a breeder, and totally changed the concept of the bullfighting bulls, creating an animal that was capable of offering a much more artistic show.

JUAN PEDRO DOMECQ SOLÍS 1942-2011

Businessman and rancher of bullfighting bulls, he introduced modern techniques in the breeding of the animals, based on sophisticated genetic studies developped with various Spanish universities.

He invented new methods on the breeding, feeding, and sanitary processes applied to his cattle, in search of his dreamt animals. All this innovations he also applied to his second cattle: 100% Iberico Bellota pigs, the origin of the Juan Pedro Domecq 100% Iberico Bellota hams. Like the bulls, marked with the Veragua shield and the red and white colours, identifying them, the hams enter the market in the year 2000.

 

JUAN PEDRO DOMECQ MORENÉS 1968

Heir to his fathers bull breeding passion, Juan Pedro Domecq Morenés continues to breed the Veragua bulls after the death of his father in 2011.

Also, together with his sisters, Teresa and Isabel, the Domecq brothers continue to breed their 100% Iberico bellota pigs, in the lines established by their father: “in search of excellence”.